||Location: Yemen occupies the southwestern portion of the Arabian peninsula. It has a narrow coastal plain on the Red Sea, a long coastline on the Arabian Sea, and land borders with Saudi Arabia and Oman. The land rises steeply to a mountainous interior over 3,600 m /12,000 ft above sea level. Surface Area: 555,000 sq. kilometers (203,850 sq. miles). Population: 20,024,867 (July 2004 est.). Government: Presidential Republic. Sana’a - Capital (population 1,938,000). Other major cities: Aden (563,000), Taiz (440,000), Hodeida (427,000)
Religion: Muslim including Shaf'i (Sunni) and Zaydi (Shi'a), small numbers of Jewish, Christian, and Hindu
Flag Yemen’s flag is made of three equal horizontal bars with colors red, white and black respectively.
Languages: Arabic is the official language with English being the most widely used second language.
Currency: The Riyal is the national currency. U.S. dollars and Euros are exchanged anywhere in the country. Credit cards may be used in major hotels and some travel agencies. The exchange rate changes daily but is roughly 305 Riyal to 1 Euro and 230 Riyal to 1 USD. Refuse to accept torn or well-worn Yemeni notes -- shop owners reluctantly accept them. In Yemen, theft is almost unheard of, so carry cash with confidence.
Time Zone: GMT + 3 hours (Greenwich)
Electricity: 110/220 volts. It is advised to bring varied travel adapters.
Country Dialing Code: 967
Cellular Phone: Currently more than half of Yemen is covered with phone towers servicing an international GSM network. If your cell phone has GSM service, it should operate in most cities in Yemen.
Internet Service: Yemen has a modern telecommunication network providing international calling, fax and Internet services. These are available in major hotels and internet cafes.
Major Industries: Industries of Yemen include crude oil production and petroleum refining; small-scale production of cotton textiles and leather goods; food processing; handicrafts; small aluminum products factory; and cementNatural Resources: Petroleum, fish, rocksalt, marble, small deposits of coal.
Labor Force: Mostly agriculture and herding; also services, construction, industry, commerce.